The HSCL-25 instrument may have lacked sensitivity in our patient population, something that we will need to investigate further. We do not provide comparisons with other studies because we consider that sociocultural contexts would be so different that it makes this exercise redundant and impossible to reach conclusions. The main dynamic behind impact may have been women’s empowerment – a challenging construct to quantify. We considered the possibility of positive sociability , with participants reporting more positive outcomes so that the project might continue. Circle leaders’ own aspirations for continued employment may have resulted in them painting a more positive picture of their experiences. Sharing the sessions’ content with husbands and mothers-in-law sometimes increased their support. MAXQDA 11 (version 11.2.1) was used to organize the data and code the transcripts via thematic content analysis .
- During the activity, a medium-term project was presented by the Law Society, which aims to build an evidence-based business case for women in the legal profession.
- The effect of the impunity for the rapes and killings can be seen in the deep scars on Guatemalan society.
- For each participating community, names of consenting women were put in a box and 12 names were drawn randomly to join the intervention group.
- Archana’s activism is based on her own deep understanding of indigenous cultural know-how and a formal education that includes a Master’s degree in regulatory governance.
- They are now in various secure locations established by our local partners on the ground in Pakistan.
AMC reviewed both analyses and extracted key dimensions and quotes for publication. A total of 176 women in the eight participating communities met eligibility criteria. One community and its 16 participants withdrew from the study prior to randomisation. Without subsampling, in the remaining seven communities, we allocated 84 women to the intervention arm and the remaining 71 were allocated to a control arm .
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As in other countries where the population does not trust the authorities, people in Guatemala often enforce informal ‘justice’ by subjecting to violence and even murdering individuals whom they believe have violated moral standards. For example, in 2015, a 16-year-old girl was lynched and burned alive by a mob after reportedly being accused of being part of a group that killed a taxi driver. In Guatemala, as well as in other parts of Latin America, there is an intense “war on drugs”, that is a conflict between state forces and drug cartels, which has taken a violent turn.
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Women’s organizations have a strong participation and incidence in the drafting of public policies and in monitoring the national budget, and also national policies on women. Regarding indigenous women organizations it includes the Articulated Agenda on Mayan, Garifunas and Xinka Women; they contributed to strengthen the National Policy for the Promotion and Comprehensive Development of Women and other sectoral policies. Really significant has been the participation of several women and indigenous organization in preparing Cairo +20, Beijing +20 and the Post 2015 Development Agenda. Guatemala has an area of 108,889 km2, 51.5% of the population lives in rural areas. In 2009 the fertility rate was 3.6, the annual population growth is 2.5%, and this is equivalent to double the rate of Latin American and the Caribbean (1.2%). The modern contraceptive prevalence rate is 44%; this does not respond to the needs of 20.8% of women with regard to family planning and this figure doubles among indigenous women. Archana’s activism is based on her own deep understanding of indigenous cultural know-how and a formal education that includes a Master’s degree in regulatory governance.
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Notwithstanding the documented progress of the implementation, many of the commitments are still pending and their validity as a social pact continues to be weak. Regarding social conflict, the Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples, James Anaya, concluded that in the country there is a lack of respect, of the collective rights of the indigenous peoples, when they are not consulted about the process of mining exploration and exploitation. Community (India’s indigenous peoples) that lives in a mineral-rich part of the country. The consequence of this wealth is that successive governments – colonial and post-colonial – have seen greater value in the land than the people.
In accordance with national policies support the development and implementation of national and local plans against violence. Promote a zero tolerance culture towards violence against women and girls through mobilization of key partners, including UN agencies. Provide technical assistance to increase the delivery quality of comprehensive care services, for women survivors, by state institutions and NGOs, and it will support reference networks to ensure access to justice. This component also includes data analysis and evaluation of the implementation of policies and laws that aim to reduce high rates of impunity that characterize crimes against women.
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Indigenous women experience higher rates of partner abuse than non-indigenous women, for whom partner violence is an especially strong predictor of poor mental health . Protective factors include relative social and economic advantage, formal education, secure employment, reproductive https://guatemalawomen.com/guatemalan-chicks/ health services, belonging to the ethnic majority, and having a respectful, trustworthy intimate partner . Women may also be better able to counter stress if they have high self-esteem and self-efficacy , effective social support , and an ability to problem-solve .